Does wealth lead to health? At home with the de Medici Part 1 by Prof. Tim Stephenson 3rd August 2020

   

The Medici Family Tree

Professor Tim Stevenson has retired as the Clinical Director of Laboratory Medicine at Sheffield Teaching Hospital and is now a member of Stumperlowe Probus Club.  His talk was the first of a two-part exam­in­a­tion of the early Medici family and was given using Zoom.

The story starts with Giovanni di Bicci (1360–1429) who dealt in wool in the Lombardy region of Italy.  He intro­duced and con­trolled a stand­ard system of weights and meas­ures in Italy and cre­ated the Medici Bank.

Giovanni di Bicci (1360–1429)

The weights and meas­ures were used to the Medici advant­age as was the con­trol of units of cur­rency, exchange rates and com­mis­sion rates.  This led to enorm­ous power and wealth.  Greater even than the likes of today’s Amazon, Apple and Facebook com­bined.  The family were great pat­rons of the arts.

The family has two branches headed by Giovanni’s sons Cosimo and Lorenzo di Vecchio.  Cosimo Medici (1389–1464) is asso­ci­ated with Florence and sup­por­ted Brunelleschi and Donatello amongst many artists and archi­tects.

Cosimo Medici (1389–1464)

This branch pro­duced Lorenzo the Magnificent and Pope Leo X (1475–1521) who was patron for Raphael. Plus Pope Clement VII.

Lorenzo di Vecchio Medici

The com­bined houses pro­duced 4 Popes, two Queens of France and sev­eral other kings.  With such power there was much inbreed­ing and ill feel­ing with other power­ful fam­il­ies.  For their phys­ical safety, it was neces­sary to live in for­ti­fied palaces and use tun­nels to travel between build­ings.  Family mem­bers there­fore did not enjoy much direct sun­light and were very prone to debil­it­at­ing dis­eases.

The second part of Tim’s talk is eagerly awaited, where the many dis­ad­vant­ages of such wealth and power will be con­sidered.